HIV/AIDS

Clients of sex workers in different regions of the world: Hard to count

An article by Carael M, Slaymaker E, Lyerla R and Sarkar S in Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2006; 82:iii26-iii33. This article explored the proportion of the male population in different regions who reported having unprotected sex with female sex workers as well as the number and characteristics of their other sexual partners.

Sex Workers

A chapter by Ramjee G in Abdool Karim S. S. 'HIV/AIDS in South Africa', Cambridge University Press. The author provides an overview of the dynamics of sex work and HIV in Africa arguing that heightened risk is not only due to high risk sexual behaviour but also to social conditions, limited knowledge of HIV and high prevalence of STIs. The success of interventions targeted at sex workers and their clients depends on understanding the social context.

Commercial sex and HIV transmission in mature epidemics: A study of five African countries

An article by Leclerc P M & Garenne M in Int J STD AIDS. 2008 Oct;19(10):660-4. The study compares the association between buying sex and male HIV seroprevalence in Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi and Rwanda. Given the relatively small proportion of men involved, the risk attributable to ‘ever paying for sex’ remained low suggesting that commercial sex seems may play a minor role in the spread of HIV in mature epidemics.

Size matters: the number of prostitutes and the global HIV/AIDS pandemic

Article by Talbott, J. R. in PLoS ONE 2(6): e543.doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000543. He argues that cross country regression data does not support the theory that male circumcision is the key to slowing the AIDS epidemic. Rather, it is the number of infected prostitutes in a country that is highly significant in explaining HIV prevalence levels across countries.

HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention Among Sex Workers in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

This study, by UNAIDS, describes the experiences of, and challenges faced by, five nongovernmental organizations in eastern Europe and central Asia, which developed effective practices and implemented promising HIV and sexually transmitted infection prevention programmes for sex workers and their clients. The programmes' key objectives were to decrease sex workers' vulnerability by improving their overall well being and supporting their empowerment. It is hoped their experiences will be helpful in initiating and moving forward similar projects in low-resource settings.

A Tale of Two Countries: HIV Among Core Groups in Togo

Article by Sobéla F., Pépin J., Gbéléou S, Banla A. K., Pitche V. P., Adom W., Sodji D., Frost E., Deslandes S. and Labbé A-C., in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Volume 51, Number 2, June 1, 2009, pp 216-223.

Exploring HIV Risk among MSM in Kigali, Rwanda

The study was led by the National AIDS Control Commission (CNLS) of Rwanda, with technical assistance from MEASURE Evaluation. It presents findings from a behavioral surveillance study (BSS) of men who have sex with men (MSM) in Kigali carried out in 2008-2009. The aim of this study was to describe the population of MSM in Kigali and explore the nature of sexual activity between MSM.

Sex Work, Violence and HIV: A Guide for Programmes with Sex Workers

This programming guide, by Matt Greenall for the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, is primarily for organisations implementing HIV/AIDS projects with sex workers and for organisations providing funding and technical support to these projects. It aims to help organisations understand and assess the importance of taking violence into account, and to help design and carry out activities to prevent and deal with violence against sex workers. (summary taken from the report)

The Crusade Against Sex Trafficking

This news story, by Noy Thrupkaew in The Nation, explores approaches to combatting trafficking with particular reference to the work of the International Justice Mission.

They are no longer sex workers, declares Shawa

This story, in the Nyasa Times, relates how the Principal Secretary in the Office of the President and Cabinet (OPC) responsible for HIV and AIDS and Nutrition in Malawi, Mary Shawa, has suggested that the term Sex Worker is phased out in favour of 'People who frequent public places' to try and counter stigma and discrimination.

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