HIV prevention

Sex Workers should not be criminalized

This newsletter from Community Socio Economic Development Initiatives (CSDI) covers the proceedings of a meeting held on the 22nd and 23rd of February 2010. The meeting brought together Rwandan civil society organisations working on HIV & AIDS, health promotion and human rights and was lead by the Rwanda NGO Forum on AIDS Health Promotion and Fact Rwanda. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss the provision in the draft penal code that would criminalize sex work. This legal provision, article 225, would sentence sex workers to 3 years in jail and a fine of 50.000 to 500.000 RWF.

Beyond the red light

This news story by Joeanna Rebello was published in the Times of India on the 16 January 2009.

HIV in Pakistan: Preventing a future epidemic in most-at-risk groups

A research brief from the Programme for Research and Capacity Building in Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV in Developing Countries. This brief accompanies a special issue of Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Their research found:

Confronting the HIV challenge in Pakistan: Urgent need for health services in most-at-risk communities

A policy brief from the Programme for Research and Capacity Building in Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV in Developing Countries.

This brief accompanies a special issue of Sexually Transmitted Infections and argues that a more cohesive approach to national STI control is needed in Pakistan through the following interventions:

A model for community representation and participation in HIV prevention trials among women who engage in transactional sex in Africa

An article by Shagi C, Vallely A, Kasindi S, Chiduo B, Desmond N, Soteli S, Kavit N, Vallely L, Lees S, Hayes R and Ross D in AIDS Care, Volume 20, Issue 9 October 2008 , pages 1039 - 1049.

Political feasibility of scaling-up five evidence-informed HIV interventions in Pakistan: a policy analysis

An article by Buse K, Lalji N, Mayhew SH, Imran M and Hawkes SJ in Sex Transm Infect 2009;85 ii37-ii42.

Background: Drawing on policy theories, an assessment was made of the perceived political feasibility of scaling-up five evidence-based interventions to curb Pakistan’s HIV epidemic: needle and syringe exchange programmes; targeted behaviour change communication; sexual health care for male and transgender sex workers; sexual and reproductive health care for female sex workers; and promoting and protecting the rights of those at greatest risk.

Protecting the unprotected: mixed-method research on drug use, sex work and rights in Pakistan's fight against HIV/AIDS

An article by Mayhew S, Collumbien M, Qureshi A, Platt L, Rafiq N, Faisel A, Lalji N and Hawkes S in Sex Transm Infect 2009;85 ii31-ii36.

Objectives: To investigate the nature and extent of human rights abuses against three vulnerable groups (injecting drug users (IDUs) and male and female sex workers), to understand the social and sexual linkages between them and to examine how protecting their rights could enhance the impact of HIV prevention policies.

HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men, transgenders and women selling sex in two cities in Pakistan: a cross-sectional prevalence survey

An article by Hawkes S, Collumbien M, Platt L, Lalji N, Rizvi N, Andreasen a, Chow J, Muzaffar R, ur-Rehman H, Siddiqui N, Hasan S and Bokhari A in Sex Transm Infect 2009;85 ii8-ii16.

Objectives: The extent and possibilities of spread of the HIV epidemic are not fully understood in Pakistan. A survey was conducted among men, women and transgender populations selling sex in Rawalpindi (Punjab) and Abbottabad (North West Frontier Province) in order to inform evidence-based programme planning.

Understanding the context of male and transgender sex work using peer ethnography

An article by Collumbien M, Qureshi AA, Mayhew SH, Rizvi1 N, Rabbani A, Rolfe B, Verma RK, Rehman H, Naveed-i-Rahat in Sex Transm Infect 2009;85:ii3-ii7.

Objectives: To distinguish between three distinct groups of male and transgender sex workers in Pakistan and to demonstrate how members of these stigmatised groups need to be engaged in the research process to go beyond stated norms of behaviour.

STIs and HIV in Pakistan: from analysis to action

An article by Zaheer HA, Hawkes S, Buse K and O’Dwyer M in Sexually Transmitted Infections 2009;85 ii1-ii2.

A group of researchers and practitioners sought to understand the drivers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, in Pakistan. The results of the research suggest three central messages:

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