vulnerability

Transactional Sex as a Response to Risk in Western Kenya

Though formal and informal sex work has long been identified as crucial for the spread of HIV/AIDS, the nature of the sex-for-money market remains poorly understood. Using a unique panel dataset constructed from 192 self-reported diaries, we find that women who engage in transactional sex substantially increase their supply of risky, better compensated sex to cope with unexpected health shocks, particularly the illness of another household member.

Deportation and HIV Vulnerability among Clients of Female Sex Workers in Tijuana

In many settings migrants are at disproportionately high risk of HIV. The Tijuana-San Diego border is the world’s busiest international land crossing. Deportations in San Diego County have increased by 48% since 2002; many deportees are delivered to deportation stations in Tijuana, Mexico, where associations between HIV vulnerability and deportation have been documented. Female sex workers (FSWs) and their clients are among the populations at highest risk of HIV in Tijuana.

Rights of vulnerable people and the future of HIV/AIDS

An article in the Lancet Infectious Diseases, Volume 10, Issue 2, Page 67, February 2010.

RIGHTS-BURMA: For Sex Workers, A Life of Risks

A news story by Mon Mon Myat on the australia.to website which explores the situation of older sex workers in Burma.

A right to be: A film about sex work in the Caribbean

A film from the Caribbean Treatment Action Group and the Caribbean Vulnerable Communities Coalition about the problems faced by sex workers in the Caribbean. There is a focus on migrant workers, HIV, abuse from the state, stigma and discrimination from the community and efforts to overcome them.

Protecting the unprotected: mixed-method research on drug use, sex work and rights in Pakistan's fight against HIV/AIDS

An article by Mayhew S, Collumbien M, Qureshi A, Platt L, Rafiq N, Faisel A, Lalji N and Hawkes S in Sex Transm Infect 2009;85 ii31-ii36.

Objectives: To investigate the nature and extent of human rights abuses against three vulnerable groups (injecting drug users (IDUs) and male and female sex workers), to understand the social and sexual linkages between them and to examine how protecting their rights could enhance the impact of HIV prevention policies.

Avahan: Community Mobilisation in Avahan

A presentation by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation at the Mexico IAS Conference – NACO Satellite Session August 3, 2008. It provides a thorough account of how the Foundation’s HIV prevention project in India, Avahan, mobilises communities to deliver HIV prevention and care services to female sex workers and ‘MSM’ and transgender sex workers. This community mobilization has involved addressing a range of challenges so there is much to learn from the AVAHAN initiative see their website.

Sex Workers

A chapter by Ramjee G in Abdool Karim S. S. 'HIV/AIDS in South Africa', Cambridge University Press. The author provides an overview of the dynamics of sex work and HIV in Africa arguing that heightened risk is not only due to high risk sexual behaviour but also to social conditions, limited knowledge of HIV and high prevalence of STIs. The success of interventions targeted at sex workers and their clients depends on understanding the social context.

HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention Among Sex Workers in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

This study, by UNAIDS, describes the experiences of, and challenges faced by, five nongovernmental organizations in eastern Europe and central Asia, which developed effective practices and implemented promising HIV and sexually transmitted infection prevention programmes for sex workers and their clients. The programmes' key objectives were to decrease sex workers' vulnerability by improving their overall well being and supporting their empowerment. It is hoped their experiences will be helpful in initiating and moving forward similar projects in low-resource settings.

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