HIV

Predictors of Sexual Risk Reduction Among Mexican Female Sex Workers Enrolled in a Behavioral Intervention Study

An article by Strathdee S A, Mausbach B, Lozada R, Staines-Orozco H, Semple S J, Abramovitz D, Fraga-Vallejo M, de la Torre A, Amaro H, Martınez-Mendizabal G, Magis-Rodrıguez C and Patterson T L in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 51():S42-S46, May 2009.

The Sonagachi project: A sustainable community intervention program

An article by Jana, S, Basu, I, Rotheram-Borus, M.J., and Newman, P.A in the journal AIDS Education and Prevention 16(5), 405-414.

U.N. guidance note on HIV and sex work “reworked” by activists

Article by Seshu M, Hunter A, Reynaga E, Strack F, Mollet S, Morgan Thomas R, Overs C, Ditmore M, Allman D in the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network HIV/AIDS Policy and Law Review. The article describes how, in 2007, UNAIDS issued a guidance note on HIV and sex work, the tone and contents of which angered sex workers, activists and public health workers worldwide. In this article, based on presentations at the International AIDS Conference, M.

Sex-work harm reduction

An article by Rekart M L in the Lancet (British edition) 366(9503): 2123-2134. Rekart identifies a mix of successful interventions for sex workers including education, empowerment, occupational health and safety, decriminalisation, human-rights-based approaches, peer education, training in condom skills, safety tips for street-based sex workers, male and female condoms, the [HIV] prevention-care synergy, occupational health and safety guidelines for brothels, self-help organisations, and community-based child protection networks.

Clients of sex workers in different regions of the world: Hard to count

An article by Carael M, Slaymaker E, Lyerla R and Sarkar S in Sexually Transmitted Infections, 2006; 82:iii26-iii33. This article explored the proportion of the male population in different regions who reported having unprotected sex with female sex workers as well as the number and characteristics of their other sexual partners.

Sex Workers

A chapter by Ramjee G in Abdool Karim S. S. 'HIV/AIDS in South Africa', Cambridge University Press. The author provides an overview of the dynamics of sex work and HIV in Africa arguing that heightened risk is not only due to high risk sexual behaviour but also to social conditions, limited knowledge of HIV and high prevalence of STIs. The success of interventions targeted at sex workers and their clients depends on understanding the social context.

Commercial sex and HIV transmission in mature epidemics: A study of five African countries

An article by Leclerc P M & Garenne M in Int J STD AIDS. 2008 Oct;19(10):660-4. The study compares the association between buying sex and male HIV seroprevalence in Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi and Rwanda. Given the relatively small proportion of men involved, the risk attributable to ‘ever paying for sex’ remained low suggesting that commercial sex seems may play a minor role in the spread of HIV in mature epidemics.

Size matters: the number of prostitutes and the global HIV/AIDS pandemic

Article by Talbott, J. R. in PLoS ONE 2(6): e543.doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000543. He argues that cross country regression data does not support the theory that male circumcision is the key to slowing the AIDS epidemic. Rather, it is the number of infected prostitutes in a country that is highly significant in explaining HIV prevalence levels across countries.

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