HIV/AIDS

Brazilian national response to HIV/AIDS amongst sex workers

The specific objectives of the study were to explore and analyze consistencies and mismatches between existing official Brazilian policy guidelines and program implementation in the area of HIV/AIDS prevention and health care among female sex workers.

Data analysis and major findings discussed throughout the report are organized around five major themes as follows:

1) STD/HIV/AIDS prevention policies and programs directed at sex workers evolved in the last two decades;

UGANDA: 'Why Waste ARVs on Sex Workers?'

By Evelyn Matsamura Kiapi

Maclean Kamya. / Credit: Evelyn Kiapi/IPS

Maclean Kamya. / Credit: Evelyn Kiapi/IPS

Government Regulation of Sex and Sexuality

Criminalisation is but one of the tools employed by governments to regulate sex and sexuality. Other types of regulation can equally have an impact on health and wellbeing and thus merit consideration. While restrictive laws related to sexuality are often driven by moral argumentation, public health evidence and human rights norms highlight the need for supportive legal and policy environments. International legal commitments can serve as a check against national laws and policies which do not conform to international consensus.

An assessment of sex work in Swaziland: barriers to and opportunities for HIV prevention among sex workers

The HIV situation in virtually all southern African countries is a generalised epidemic. Despite the fact that almost all adult age and social groups have high HIV prevalence estimates, sex workers are disproportionally affected, with prevalence estimates higher than the general population. In a qualitative study of 61 male and female sex workers in Swaziland, we found that while poverty drove many into sex work, others reported motivations of pleasure or “sensation seeking”, and freedoms from the burden of marriage as perceived benefits of sex work.

Changes in risk behaviours and prevalence of sexually transmitted infections following HIV preventive interventions among female sex workers in five districts in Karnataka state, south India

 

Objectives To examine the impact of a large-scale HIV prevention programme for female sex workers (FSW) in Karnataka state, south India, on the prevalence of HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STI), condom use and programme coverage.

Methods Baseline and follow-up integrated biological and behavioural surveys were conducted on random samples of FSW in five districts in Karnataka between 2004 and 2009.

HIV prevalence and characteristics of sex work among female sex workers in Hargeisa, Somaliland, Somalia

Article in in AIDS: July 2010 - Volume 24 - Issue - p S61–S67.

Objective: To measure prevalence of HIV and syphilis and describe characteristics of sex work among female sex workers (FSWs) in Hargeisa, Somaliland, Somalia.

Anna Forbes: From Microbicides to Sex Workers—A Logical Development

An article by Lauren Tuck which originally appeared in Poz Magazine

Anna Forbes: From Microbicides to Sex Workers—A Logical Development

HIV and Sex Work in Indonesia

This UNAIDS publication explores the epidemic in Indonesia.

Although the prevalence of HIV in the general population is low (0.2%) and is mainly concentrated among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Jakarta, West Java and Bali, the epidemic has now spread to other key populations at higher risk such as non‐injecting partners of IDUs, sex workers and their clients.

HIV and Sex Work in Thailand

This factsheet from UNAIDS provides informationon the epidemic in Thailand. Beginning in the late 1980s, the HIV epidemic increased rapidly in Thailand, particularly in the upper Northern region. In 1990‐91, soon after it was observed that the HIV epidemic was spreading among injecting drug users and sex workers, the government acted decisively, launching a nationwide campaign to reduce HIV transmission.

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