Environmental Support and HIV Prevention Behaviors Among Female Sex Workers in China

To examine the influence of environmental support on HIV prevention behaviors (i.e., condom use behaviors, communication and intention, and HIV/STD testing) among female sex workers (FSWs)
in China.

A Profile of HIV Risk Factors in the Context of Sex Work Environments among Migrant Female Sex Workers in Beijing, China

This study demonstrates how multiple risk factors are situated and vary by types of sex work environments in a sample of 348 migrant FSWs in Beijing. Participants reported high rates of clients' refusal to use condoms (76%), unsafe sex with both clients (32%), non-paid regular partners (e.g., boyfriend or husband) (76%), and a STI symptom (79%) last year.  

A Qualitative Study on HIV Risk Behaviors and Medical Needs of Sex Workers in a China/Myanmar Border Town

An article in AIDS Patient Care and STDs Volume 17, Number 8, 2003.

Ruili is a small border town between China and Myanmar where drugs and commercial sex are common, and rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV, are high.

A qualitative study was carried out on 89 sex workers there in 2001 to understand more about their HIV awareness, medical-seeking behaviors and needs. We found that the sex workers were young and the turnover rates were high.

HIV-related risk perception among female sex workers in Nigeria

Background: Over one-third of sex workers in Nigeria are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), yet there is a lack of understanding of sex workers’ own perception of sexual risk-taking. Applying the theory of cognitive dissonance, this paper examined the personal HIV risk perception of brothel-based sex workers.

HIV-related risk behaviors among kathoey (male-to-female transgender) sex workers in Bangkok, Thailand.

Based on combined methods, this study investigated substance use and HIV risk behaviors among kathoey sex workers (KSWs) in Bangkok, Thailand. The study found that only half of the KSW participants reported having been tested for HIV, and that except for one participant, all others had not seen health care providers in the past 12 months. About one third of the participants reported having engaged in unprotected anal sex with customers in the past six months.

Enhancing Withdrawal Cognition Through Client-Centred Approach in HIV/AIDS Pandemic Risk Reduction Among Commercial Sex Workers in Oyo State, Nigeria.

The study adopted client–centred approach to enhance withdrawal cognition in commercial sex workers in four Local Government Areas of Oyo State, Nigeria. Withdrawal Cognition Scale by Laim and Tabaka (1995) was used to elicit information from 160 sex workers in four randomly selected Local Government Areas of Oyo State, Nigeria. The purpose of the study was to control the spread of HIV/AIDS among sex workers who earn their living in the sex trade. The study also aims to give them knowledge and skills required to earn a living from less dangerous activities.

Analysis of condom use and its factors on female sex workers in Shandong province

This study was to investigate the condom use and its factors on sex workers in Shandong province, and to provide effective suggestions for AIDS prevention strategies and interventions.

From April to July in 2009, 4732 female sex workers were investigated through anonymous questionnaires from 11 cities which were selected based on the AIDS epidemic, geographic location, economic conditions in Shandong province. Serum samples were collected and antibodies were tested from 4641 people. 

The Asia Pacific Network of Sex Workers

The Asia Pacific Network of Sex Workers provides this window on the internet for all the issues affecting male, female and transgender sex workers in the region that is home to half of the population of the world.

‘Treatment as Prevention’: How might the game change for sex workers?

by Cheryl Overs

The recent Lancet publication of the HPTN 052 study has shown unequivocally that initiation of anti-retroviral treatment (ART) by people with HIV substantially protects their HIV-uninfected sexual partners from acquiring HIV infection, with a 96 percent reduction in risk of HIV transmission.[1]

The announcement in June is a welcome confirmation of what many already suspected – that ART is prevention. The word ‘game-changer’ was, not surprisingly, all over the internet within hours of the publication of the announcement of the closure of the trial. But so were questions about where this leaves the existing approaches to HIV prevention and promotion of sexual and reproductive health. Sex worker advocates immediately recognised that this new evidence could have a significant effect on both the actual conduct of commercial sex and on the programmes, public health policy and legal frameworks around it.

Coverage of Four Key Populations at the 2010 International AIDS Conference: Implications

The Global Forum on MSM & HIV reviewed every abstract and session at the 2010 International AIDS Conference. Their analysis revealed a 'gross underrepresentation' of key populations (men who have sex with men, sex workers, transgender people and people who use drugs) across the 2010 conference programme.

Unfortunately this report does not address the reasons why  sexual minorities were excluded or examine any of the mechainics of how it came about. Nor does it offer any suggestions for the future.

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