HIV

Sex Workers’ Rights are Human Rights

One group that participated actively in the march and which is represented in conference sessions as well as at the conference’s Global Village is sex workers. During Sunday night’s opening session a group gathered under the red umbrellas that symbolize the sex workers’ movement shouted “sex workers’ rights are human rights” and demanded “decriminalize sex work, now.” Over the past few days commercial sex workers have spoken about their experiences advocating for greater attention to human rights in the context of HIV/AIDS within Global Village meetings. 

Criminalization of sex work(ers): The human rights case for law reform

This case study from 2005 by the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network explores sex work related laws and argues for reform of provisions related to sex work in the Criminal Code which undermine sex workers’ ability to realise their human rights.

Protection against sexually transmitted diseases by granting sex workers in Thailand the choice of using the male or female condom: results from a randomized controlled trial

An article in AIDS 1998, 12:1851–1859.

Background: The male condom is the most effective barrier method available for protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV infection. There is an urgent need to develop and evaluate other prevention methods, such as the female condom. This study estimated the additional protection against STDs offered to sex workers by giving them the option of using the female condom when clients refused to use a male condom.

Prevalence of HIV and STIs and Associated Risk Factors Among Female Sex Workers in Guangdong Province, China

An article in the J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Volume 53, Supplement 1, February 1, 2010.

Understanding the Dynamics of Condom Use Among Female Sex Workers in China

Article in Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Volume 36, Number 3, March 2009.

Sex work and HIV: China

This short UNAIDS factsheet explores HIV in relation to sex work in China. It provides information on:

  • The profile of the sex industry in China
  • Migration and displacement
  • The clients of sex workers
  • Sex work and the law
  • Stigma and discrimination
  • Violence
  • Drug use
  • HIV programming

Prevalence of HIV Infection and Predictors for Syphilis Infection among Female Sex Workers in Southern China

 

An article in the Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health, 2009 March; 40(2): 263–272.

Sex workers: limited access to healthcare

Sex workers constitute a heterogeneous group possessing a combination of vulnerability factors such as geographical instability, forced migration, substance addiction and lack of legal residence permit. Access to healthcare for sex workers depends on the laws governing the sex market and on migration policies in force in the host country. In this article, we review different European health strategies established for sex workers, and present preliminary results of a pilot study conducted among 50 sex workers working on the streets in Lausanne.

Occupational health and safety among commercial sex workers

Review : Ross, Crisp, Månsson and Hawkes have published “Occupational Health and Safety Among Commercial Sex Workers” in the latest ‘online first’ edition of the Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health. At first look the article  appears to be a welcome contribution to efforts to place sex work within the realm of labour and outside what the piece itself terms “moral discourses that ignore, devalue, or condemn commercial sex workers” (page 1). However it also disappoints in fundamental respects. Its contribution to strategies for improving sex worker OHS is limited and the suggestions for legal reform seem to betray the authors’ ambivalence about the existence of the industry itself.

HIV, syphilis, hepatitis C and risk behaviours among commercial sex male clients in Sichuan province, China

An article in Sex Transm Infect 2010;86:559e564. doi:10.1136/sti.2009.041731.

Objectives Commercial sex male clients (CSMC) are at risk of sexually transmitted infections (STI) including HIV. This study reports the prevalence of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis C virus (HCV), a history of STI and HIV-related risk behaviours in a sample of 600 CSMC in three urban areas in Sichuan province, China. The risk factors for prevalent syphilis infection are also examined.

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