Developing a typology of female sex work, South India, with special reference to Karnataka

The thesis is premised on the fact that India's National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) employs the typology of female sex work in outreach and other components of the HIV programme in order to identify high-risk female sex workers (FSWs). However, the current typology – distinguishing between FSWs based on their main place of solicitation – may not adequately reflect the variation in HIV risk.

Preventing HIV in sex work in Sex Work Settings in Sub Saharan Africa

Sex work is an important feature of the transmission dynamics of HIV within early, advanced and regressing epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa.

HIV prevalence among sex workers and their clients is commonly 20 fold higher than the general population.

Together, these factors may contribute to a differential in HIV transmission potential of more than 1000 times compared with lower-risk populations. Yet, in much of Africa, there is little evidence that transmission of HIV and other STIs in sex work settings has been controlled.

Diversity of commercial sex among men and male-born trans people in three Peruvian cities

An article in Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care, Volume 13, Issue 10.

In Peru, commercial sex involving men and male-born travestis, transgenders and transsexuals (CSMT) is usually represented as a dangerous practice carried out on the streets by people experiencing economic hardship and social exclusion. However, in reality little is known about the complexities of this practice in Peru.

Bacterial vaginosis, HIV serostatus and T cell subset distribution in a cohort of East African commercial sex workers: retrospective analysis

Few data exist on oral human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence in female sex workers (FSWs). Information regarding oral sex practices of 185 Peruvian FSWs, 18–26 years of age, was obtained via survey and compared with HPV testing results of oral rinse samples. Oral HPV prevalence was 14/185 (7.6%); four (28.9%) HPV genotypes were carcinogenic. One hundred and eighty-two participants reported having had oral sex; 95% reported condom use during oral sex with clients and 9.5% with partners.

This World AIDS Day the end is in sight

This World AIDS day feels different to all others.  It has felt like the end of AIDS is in sight for some time now but after 30 years with so much hope and so many false alarms the wise have learned not to get excited by each announcement and slogan.

Sexual health of transgender sex workers attending an inner-city genitourinary medicine clinic

Previous studies have reported high HIV prevalence among transgender sex workers (TSWs). We performed a retrospective case-note review of known TSWs attending our unit. In all, 16/24 (66.7%) of patients were diagnosed with at least one sexually transmitted infection (STI) and 7/24 (29.2%) reported intentional unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse, which may explain the high prevalence of HIV in our cohort (37.5%). TSWs disclosed high rates of substance misuse, violence and sexual assault, which may also contribute to the increased prevalence of STI in this group.

Occupational stigma as a primary barrier to health care for street-based sex workers in Canada


 Individuals working in the sex industry continue to experience many negative health outcomes. As such, disentangling the factors shaping poor health access remains a critical public health priority. Within a quasi-criminalised prostitution environment, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of occupational stigma associated with sex work and its relationship to barriers to accessing health services.

Nongovernmental organisations and sex work in Cambodia: Development perspectives and feminist agendas

This project focuses on nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Cambodia that deal, either directly or indirectly, with sex work and sex workers. The NGOs outlined in this study have goals ranging from preventing Cambodian women from entering the commercial sex industry to empowering Cambodian sex workers through the formation of sex worker unions.

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