health

Confronting the HIV challenge in Pakistan: Urgent need for health services in most-at-risk communities

A policy brief from the Programme for Research and Capacity Building in Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV in Developing Countries.

This brief accompanies a special issue of Sexually Transmitted Infections and argues that a more cohesive approach to national STI control is needed in Pakistan through the following interventions:

From Client to Pimp: Male Violence Against Female Sex Workers

Article by Karandikar S and Próspero M in the Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 25, No. 2, 257-273 (2010). The study explores intimate partner violence (IPV) among female sex workers from the red-light area based in Mumbai, India. Using a grounded theory approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with ten sex workers to explore their experiences of IPV in the context of commercial sex work. Narratives were analyzed and themes constructed.

SANGRAM: Sex Worker Organizing in India

To celebrate International Human Rights Day (2009) the International Women’s Health Coalition (IWHC), SANGRAM and rural Indian sex worker advocates have released a new short film.

Political feasibility of scaling-up five evidence-informed HIV interventions in Pakistan: a policy analysis

An article by Buse K, Lalji N, Mayhew SH, Imran M and Hawkes SJ in Sex Transm Infect 2009;85 ii37-ii42.

Background: Drawing on policy theories, an assessment was made of the perceived political feasibility of scaling-up five evidence-based interventions to curb Pakistan’s HIV epidemic: needle and syringe exchange programmes; targeted behaviour change communication; sexual health care for male and transgender sex workers; sexual and reproductive health care for female sex workers; and promoting and protecting the rights of those at greatest risk.

Protecting the unprotected: mixed-method research on drug use, sex work and rights in Pakistan's fight against HIV/AIDS

An article by Mayhew S, Collumbien M, Qureshi A, Platt L, Rafiq N, Faisel A, Lalji N and Hawkes S in Sex Transm Infect 2009;85 ii31-ii36.

Objectives: To investigate the nature and extent of human rights abuses against three vulnerable groups (injecting drug users (IDUs) and male and female sex workers), to understand the social and sexual linkages between them and to examine how protecting their rights could enhance the impact of HIV prevention policies.

STIs and HIV in Pakistan: from analysis to action

An article by Zaheer HA, Hawkes S, Buse K and O’Dwyer M in Sexually Transmitted Infections 2009;85 ii1-ii2.

A group of researchers and practitioners sought to understand the drivers of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, in Pakistan. The results of the research suggest three central messages:

Role of core and bridging groups in the transmission dynamics of HIV and STIs in Cotonou, Benin, West Africa

An article by Lowndes CM, Alary M, Meda H, Gnintoungbé CAB, Mukenge-Tshibaka L, Adjovi C, Buvé A, Morison L, Laourou M, Kanhonou L and Anagonou S in Sexually Transmitted Infections (2002) 78(Supplement 1 ) pp. i69-i77.

Modelling emerging HIV epidemics: the role of injecting drug use and sexual transmission in the Russian Federation, China and India

An article by Grassly NC, Lowndes CM, Rhodes T, Judd A, Renton A and Garnett GP in the International Journal of Drug Policy (2003) Volume 14, Issue 1, pp. 25-43.

Arrest the Violence: Human Rights Violations Against Sex Workers in 11 Countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia

A report by Crago A-L published by Sex Workers' Rights Advocacy Network (SWAN) of Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The research presented in this report was conducted from September to December 2007 by sex workers and outreach workers from 12 NGOs in 11 countries (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia and Ukraine). The data in this report reflects the responses from interviews conducted with 218 adult male, female and transgender sex workers in these 11 countries.

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