drug use

National Behavioural Surveillance Survey 2007-08 Report from Myanmar On Injecting Drug Users and Female Sex Workers

Background: To monitor the trajectory of the HIV epidemic among higher risk groups the National AIDS Programme (NAP) has a two prong surveillance system which consists of HIV sentinel serosurveillance and behavioural surveillance surveys (BSS). Both are critical components for assessing and evaluating the overall impact of the national response to HIV and AIDS. The previous round of BSS, in 2003, were conducted among the general population.

HIV and STIs in Clients and Female Sex Workers in Mining Regions of Gejiu City, China

An article in Sexually Transmitted Diseases, June 2008, Vol. 35, No. 6, p.558–565.

This study aims to estimate HIV/STI prevalence and to identify HIV risk factors among FSWs and miner clients. It found among sex workers prevalences for HIV of 8.3%, Herpes simplex virus-2 70.8%, Syphilis 12.5%, Neisseria gonorrhoeae 36.8%, Chlamydia Trachomatis 46.3%, Trichomonas vaginalis 22.1%. 90.6% were infected with any STI. Illegal drug use was associated with HIV and 45.8% reported no condom use with the last client. In miner clients, HIV prevalence was 1.8%.

Comparing Prevalence of Condom Use Among 15,379 Female Sex Workers Injecting or Not Injecting Drugs in China

This study compared the prevalence of condom use with clients and regular sex partners between female sex workers (FSWs) who were or were not injecting drug users (IDUs).

Behavioral surveillance data (2002–2004) conducted in Sichuan, China were analyzed. Mapping exercises were done. About250 to 400 FSWs were anonymously interviewed from selected establishments in 19 surveillance sites.

Of all 15,379 FSWs studied, 3.2% were IDUs. This group, when compared with the non-IDU group, was less likely to have used condoms with clients

Reaching out to sex workers

This article elaborates about the best ways to serve the reproductive health and other needs of sex workers. It argues that the human rights of sex workers are routinely violated and explains why projects with sex workers must go beyond public health orientated HIV prevention to include structural interventions that address human rights and law.

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